DefinitionThis section has been translated automatically.
Self-limiting, chronic exfoliative, superficial epithelial detachments migrating over the mucosa of the tongue and forming anular or polycyclic figures ("wandering rash; wandering plaques").
In rare cases, other sites of the oral cavity may also be affected. These changes are called exfoliatio areata mucosae oris or stomatits geographica.
Occurrence/EpidemiologyThis section has been translated automatically.
In dental collectives, prevalences between 0.6 and 9.8% are reported. Other prevalence figures are reported as 1 - 3%. No confirmed sex preference (w>m?).
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EtiopathogenesisThis section has been translated automatically.
Unexplained. Gastric anacidity, gastritis, nutritive factors, and psychogenic, neurohumoral, and genetic factors are discussed.
Combination with lingua plicata is common. Versch. Authors consider migratory plaques as a precursor stage of lingua plicata.
Glossitis mediana rhombica is considered a variant of wandering plaques.
Also seen in streptococcal infections or Candida infections.
Commonly seen in patients with psoriasis(pustular psoriasis - Dreyer LN et al. 2012).
Furthermore, lingua geogrpahica is a partial manifestation of Reiter syndrome.
It is observed more frequently in Down syndrome.
Not infrequently, migratory plaques are observed as side effects in the context of oral toxicity of tyrosine kinase inhibitors .
ManifestationThis section has been translated automatically.
For toddlers, teenagers and young adults.
Clinical featuresThis section has been translated automatically.
Migrating exfoliation of the upper epithelial layer of the mucous membrane of the tongue. This leads to anular, garland-shaped or map-shaped, plaque free (rejection of the hypertrophic papillae of the tongue surface), deep red (naked) plaques which are bordered by a raised and whitish swollen, ragged rim. After several months of latency the rejected papillae regenerate again. The tongue surface appears normal again. Possibly tongue burning. It is not uncommon for the lingua geographica to be associated with a lingua plicata.
HistologyThis section has been translated automatically.
Epithelial narrowing in the centre of the flock, epithelial widening in the peripheral area. Edema, inflammatory cell infiltrates with numerous epitheliotropic neutrophil granulocytes, more rarely spongiform pustules are detectable; loss of elastic fibres.
Differential diagnosisThis section has been translated automatically.
TherapyThis section has been translated automatically.
Progression/forecastThis section has been translated automatically.
Although harmless, the disease is extremely annoying and characterized by occasional tongue burning. Spontaneous healings are frequent, lifelong persistence is possible.
LiteratureThis section has been translated automatically.
- Ching V et al (2012) Increased prevalence of geographic tongue in burning mouth complaints: a retrospective study. Oral Surg Oral Med OralPathol Oral Radiol 114:444-448.
- Dreyer LN et al (2012) Oral manifestations of psoriasis. Clinical presentationand management. N Y State Dent J 78:14-18
- Gupta T et al (2014) Medical image. A benign glossal lesion. Geographic tongue.N Z Med J 127:88-90
- Jainkittivong A et al (2005): Geographic tongue: clinical characteristics of 188 cases. J Contemp Dent Pract 6:123-135.
- Pass B et al (2005) Geographic tongue: literature review and casereports. Dent Today 54: 56-57
- Prinz H (1927): Wandering rash of the tongue. The Dental Cosmos 69 (4):272-275
- Sibaud V et al (2014) Oral toxicity of targeted anticancer therapies. Ann Dermatol Venereol 141:354-363
- Tarakji B et al.(2014) Relation between psoriasis and geographic tongue. J Clin Diagn Res 8: ZE06-07.
Incoming links (18)Dexpanthenol solution 5% (nrf 7.3.); Exfoliatio linguae et mucosae oris; Exfoliation areata dolorosa; Exfoliative linguae et mucosa oris; Exfoliatives areata dolorosa; Exudative glossitis areata; Glossary; Glossitis exfoliativa marginata; Glossitis geographica; Glossitis migrans; ... Show all
Outgoing links (9)Dexpanthenol; Dexpanthenol solution 5% (nrf 7.3.); Glossitis; Glossitis rhombica mediana; Lingua plicata; Psoriasis pustulosa (overview); Pustular psoriasis; Reiter's syndrome; Tyrosine kinase inhibitors;
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